The film Jaws has a nice little sequence where we see someone playing the arcade game Killer Shark – its one of the early arcade games (produced by Sega) and (obviously-duh) pre-dates the film. For a great clip of this scene, click here
Anyway, great game and all that – I remember playing it at the Drayton Manor Park arcade in the mid 1970s – probably my first arcade experience. I recall that the gun trigger was hard and there was a sort of snapping when you fired off a shot. The wriggling of the shark (and the stream of blood) when you hit it was disturbing and exhilarating – a game where you see your victim in its death throes! There is plenty written about this game – see the links at the end of this post.
There were a few other games out once the film Jaws was released, obviously capitalising on the Shark craze;
Shark Jaws (Horror Games (aka Atari) 1975)
Claimed to be the first video game adaptation (for that article by Ian Bogost here), this was early Atari, capitalising on the success of Jaws, but when Universal nixed their license to make a game of the film, they went ahead and made a game anyway. They even created a dummy company called ‘Horror Games’ just so the Atari brand wouldn’t be associated with any quick n’ dirty cash-in. Best of all was the marquee that sat at the top of the arcade cabinet, with the game advertised as Shark (small letters) JAWS (big letters);
Some guy writing at Everything2.com claims there are only 3 of these complete arcade cabinets left in existence, and only one of them works. Not that it would be worth tracking down, as the game is of its time – simplistic, repetitive, monochrome and graphically basic (the screenshot of the game tells you all you need to know).
Maneater (Project Support Engineering 1975)
The magnificently titled Project Support Engineering (that’s not a company, it’s a department!) produced this wonderful cabinet, and even produced a game to go inside it (though the game is irrelevant in comparison to the grandeur of this);
The game looked like Shark Jaws and Shark (ie BASIC) and the premise and objective were to control a diver who was collecting gold from the sea baed, and get him back to his boat and avoid the sharks (who were maneaters, of course). Here is a screenshot of the game that I found on KLOV;
Shark (US Billiards 1975)
Turning the whole shark craze on its head, this Arcade effort puts you in as the shark, trying to avoid nets and traps as you attempt to get to the swimmer before they reach the shore(!). It’s another one that isn’t available on emulation (like Shark Jaws), and again it is simplistic gameplay with basic graphics (see below) and probably wouldn’t keep the average gamers attention for more than a minute today.
Blue Shark (Bally Midway 1978)
Like the forerunner of these games, Killer Shark, Blue Shark had a gun mounted arcade cabinet and it was another plain and simple shooting game. Get the shark with your gun, but don’t hit the humans who are diving around them. You also get to kill numerous other aquatic life (octopus etc) for no particular reason, which is all well and good when you are hang around arcades as a kid in the Seventies, but you probably couldn’t get away with it now, as it would, I expect, be classed as a game that encourages the destruction of the Environment and sentient beings. Nowadays you get games where you get to kill real looking people or ‘real’ looking zombies or the perennial aliens instead. The game is fairly basic (but less so than the others discussed so far), but with more graphical subtlety and involved gameplay.
There was also Shark Attack, released in 1981 by GPi (Game Plan inc), that had you playing the shark (just like the earlier game by US Billiards, Shark) and you had to eat the arcade sharks favourite snack – the diver. This time though, the diver can strike back as some of them have harpoon guns! Also, this game was in colour! However, on my emulation of Shark Attack, it is dated as 1980, and made by Pacific Novelty. Game Plan must have distributed it. Here is a screenshot of it;
http://bavatuesdays.com/killer-shark-1972/ – the best blog I have come across in a while. Nice entry on Killer Shark.
http://www.yourprops.com/view_item.php?movie_prop=14799 – Killer Shark cabinet photos and screenshot.
http://www.daemonkeep.com/killershark.html – At DaemonKeep games, they have a repro of the game for download;
http://marvin3m.com/arcade/shark.htm – Cabinet shots, flyer info, a look at the innards of the cabinet…
http://www.pingeek.com/killer/killer.htm – If you want the schematics of Killer Shark, this is the place for you.
KLOV has a basic entry for Killer Shark, nothing more.
http://www.i-mockery.com/minimocks/50arcadecabinets/arcade3.php – i-mockery lists the 50 greatest Arcade cabinets, with Maneater listed very near the top.
http://www.klov.com/game_detail.php?game_id=8611 – KLOV entry
http://www.arcadeflyers.com/?page=thumbs&db=videodb&id=979 – Shark Jaws flyers
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shark_Jaws Wiki entry for Shark Jaws
http://www.retroland.com/pages/retropedia/arcade/item/1403/ – RetroLand entry for Shark Jaws
http://www.armchairarcade.com/aamain/print.php?article.103 – A History of the early years of Atari has information on Shark Jaws
http://www.arcade-history.com/?n=shark-jaws&page=detail&id=3395 – ArcadeHistory entry for the game.
http://www.klov.com/game_detail.php?game_id=9507 – KLOV entry for Shark
http://www.arcadeflyers.com/?page=thumbs&db=videodb&id=2611 – Shark flyer
http://www.arcadeflyers.com/?page=thumbs&db=videodb&id=139 – Blue Shark arcade flyer
http://www.arcadeflyers.com/?page=thumbs&db=videodb&id=139 – International Arcade Museum entry for Blue Shark by Midway
http://www.coinop.org/g.aspx/100549/Blue_Shark.html – Blue Shark entry at coinop.org
http://www.arcade-history.com/?n=blue-shark&page=detail&id=298 – Entry at ArcadeHistory
http://www.klov.com/game_detail.php?game_id=9508 – KLOV entry for Shark Attack
http://www.arcadeflyers.com/?page=thumbs&db=videodb&id=1737 – Arcade flyer for Shark Attack
http://arcadeflyers.com/?page=flyer&db=videodb&id=1762&image=2 – More arcade flyer action for Shark Attack